Takayama is a city that had its first inhabitants in the area ever since the Jōmon period (about 14,000 BC to 300 BC) and has a lot of cultural heritages, even remnants from the Nara period (710 to 794). The town is famous for being an old town, with old houses and streets, and it attracts a lot of tourism for this reason. Not just in town, but also outside of town Takayama flourishes with old Japanese buildings as mentioned in the Hida Folk Village article. It is also a town that boasts with its own ramen (noodle soup), Hida beef, Japanese sake (rice wine) and more. For anyone that wants to go to Kamikochi, it is definitely a good stop to make before going to Kamikochi or after Kamikochi. Just one small warning: it is an old town, which means that stores tend to close early at about five or six in the evening. If you are interested to find out more, check out one of the articles on the left!